METHOD OF ESTIMATING OF THE NATURAL GAS MASS INVOLVED IN THE FORMATION OF A FIERY TORCH AT BREAK OF THE MAIN PIPELINEJournal: Pozharovzryvobezopastnost/Fire and Explosion Safety (Vol.24, No. 9)
Publication Date: 2015-09-25
Calculate the mass of natural gas M r contained in a limited section of the main pipeline (MP) when the emergency break with time-sensitive cut-offline of cranes, confining the accident area, is an important parameter in evaluating the loss of gas in the accident. In addition, fire, its heat output and burning time flame torch are estimated and forecasted by this parameter. However, existing techniques are not sufficiently detailed. And author has not found the methods of system calculation of this parameter in the current methodological and normative documents. Despite the apparent simplicity of the problem, the analysis showed that the parameter M r depends primarily on the calculation of the average temperature of T cp, medium pressure P cp rely on specialized techniques, which, in turn, include more than two dozen parameters that characterize the state of a gas in terms of its transport and depressurization of the pipeline, and Z cp - compressibility factor for each emergency site, the length of the section of the pipeline L and the inner diameter of the pipe d BH. Calculations of other parameters recommended by the standard methods are complex, three-dimensional and routine, require access to specialized software products that are not available in the current engineering activity. It introduces uncertainty in the choice of the calculation scheme and is accompanied by the production of different calculation results. The rationale for this method of calculating the mass of natural gas M r involved in maintaining a burning torch in case of emergency break MP, the subject of this article.
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