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Food resources and trophic relationships of brown, rainbow trout and european grayling in different habitats of Shypit river of the Transcarpathian region

Journal: Fisheries Science of Ukraine (Vol.38, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 76-94

Keywords : Salmo trutta; Oncorhynchus mykiss; Thymallus thymallus; Shypit river; zoobenthos; mountain rivers; biotopes; food resources; biomass; feeding; trophic competition; electivity index; diet overlap index;

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Purpose. To study food resources, feeding conditions and trophic relationships of the brown trout (Salmo trutta morpha fario), rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), and European grayling (Thymallus thymallus) in a Transcarpatioan river. Methodology. The material on the food resources and feeding of the brown trout, rainbow trout, and European grayling was collected in summer period of 2012 on the Shypit river. The study was performed on two different sites of the river: the first one was located on the middle pre-mountain reach of the river (upstream of the Hydroelectric power plant), the second one ? on the mountain reach of the river (near tourist base) on typical biotopes: I ? with boulders and riffles with fast current; II ? with medium size stones and low riffles with moderate current; III ? with small stones, sand and slow current. The material was collected and processed according to standard and unified hydrological, ichthyological, and trophological methods. Findings. We studied the level of macrozoobenthos development and obtained data on feeding and trophic relationships among brown trout, rainbow trout, and European grayling on different biotopes on pre-mountain and mountain reaches of the Shypit river. The number of “soft” macrozoobenthos on different biotopes varied from 972 to 2576 ind./m2 with biomasses from 6.3 to 121.8 g/m2. Total diet overlap index (DOI) between brown trout and rainbow trout on the biotope with boulders and fast current in the pre-mountain reach was 32.4% by number and 20.3% by biomass, while that on the mountain reach was 49.6% and 52.9%, respectively. On the biotope with medium size stones and moderate current, the diet overlap index between rainbow trout and European grayling in the pre-mountain reach was 19.0% by number and 27.9% by biomass. Originality. First study of the diet and tropic relationships of the brown trout, rainbow trout, and еuropean grayling on different reached of the Shypit river. Practical value. The results of this work can be used when calculating the amounts of brown trout, rainbow trout, and European grayling to be stocked into rivers of the Transcarpathian region.

Last modified: 2017-01-31 02:32:34