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To assess the pulmonary impairment in treated pulmonary tuberculosis patients using spirometry

Journal: International Archives of Integrated Medicine (IAIM) (Vol.3, No. 10)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ;

Page : 94-99

Keywords : Tuberculosis patients; spirometry; Smoking; Chest radiograph; Breathlessness.;

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Background: Tuberculosis is one of the leading causes of death due to infectious Disease worldwide, with an estimated 8.9 million new cases and 1.6 million Deaths worldwide. Aim: To study the type and degree of pulmonary impairment in treated pulmonary Tuberculosis patients using spirometry. To co -relate present symptoms and radiological findings and to assess the degree of impairment. For identification of impairment (obstructive, restrictive or mixed) that contribute to long term disability and decreased quality of life. Materials and methods: Retrospective observational study was done in Meenakshi Medical College Hospital. A total of 75 treated pulmonary tuberculosis patients were taken for study with clinical data, chest x-ray pattern, smoking and biomass fuel exposure history were recorded. Their pulmonary function was assessed using spirometry. Results: All patients were symptomatic and most common symptom was breathlessness. Chest radiograph showing 1 or 2 zones involved patients were 40 (53.3%) and more than 3 zones involved were 35 (46.7%).Most of the patients 51 (68%) showed a Restrictive pattern in spirometry, 10 (13.3%) showed an obstructive pattern and 14 (18.7%) showed a mixed pattern. Smoking and Bio-mass fuel exposure did not show a significant co-relation with spirometry pattern but initial sputum positive patients and defaulter patients showed a significant co-relation with spirometry pattern. Conclusion: The most common pulmonary impairment pattern in treated pulmonary tuberculosis patients was Restrictive pattern. Hence pulmonary tuberculosis need follow up even after treatment for early detection and treatment for their pulmonary disability.

Last modified: 2017-03-20 14:31:56