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Certain Problems of the Early Neolithic in the Middle Volga Forest Zone

Journal: Povolzhskaya Arkheologiya (The Volga River Region Archaeology) (Vol.2, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 11-17

Keywords : the Middle Volga river region; the Early Neolithic; the Samara culture; the Upper Volga culture; the Yelshanka culture; the Dubovskoye-Otary culture; flat-bottomed ceramics; stroked and incised ornamentation;

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The cultural identity of the Early Neolithic assemblages of flat-bottomed stroke-ornamented pottery, discovered in the territory of the Mari Volga region is contested. A number of problems concerning the process of the Middle Volga region Neolithization are identified, namely: 1) whether the differences in the use of raw materials (silt and clay) and temper types for ceramic fabric can serve as cultural and chronological features; 2) the problem of fixing the lower chronological limit of the process of Neolithization; 3) the role of the social factor in the process of Neolithization; 4) the problem of the culture determining features identification; 5) the role of primary sources and the problem of their fully fledged use; 6) the problem of identifying the original Early Neolithic culture in the region. Based on a comprehensive analysis of the material culture of the flat-bottomed stroke-ornamented pottery people who had inhabited the Mari Depression, it is possible to identify the Dubovskoye-Otary culture that is similar with the Samara and the Upper Volga ones and genetically related to the forest-steppe Yelshanka formation.

Last modified: 2017-06-02 03:33:22