Status Of Safe Sexual Behavior The Case Of Secondary Preparatory TVET Adwa College Of Teachers And Educational Leadership And Axum University Central Zone Of Tigray.Ethiopia 2014Journal: International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research (Vol.5, No. 9)
Publication Date: 2016-09-15
Authors : Workneh Gebreselassie;
Page : 262-267
Keywords : assessment; awareness; behavior; efforts; prevention; safe; sexual; status;
Introduction Most experts agree that in the general population old teenagers and young adults tend to be the most sexually active and therefore at higher risk than some other groups Curtin 1996. Making continuous assessment on the degree of awareness and behavioral change on prevention of HIVAIDS is uninterrupted work. Since this age group is found in high schools colleges and University .This research work is interested to assess the sexual behaviors related to the prevention of HIVAIDS in these education institutions. This study may contribute in initiating concerned policy makers health workers teachers administrators and parents NGOs to assess their strategies and strengthen their efforts in order to create better awareness behavioral change and accessibilities for prevention of HIVAIDS. It may also strengthen the global efforts on prevention of HIVAIDS. Objectives-To assess the status of safe sexual behavior in the educational institutions and promote prevention of HIVAIDS Methodology-Institutions based cross sectional study design was employed. This research work has been carried out by dispatching self administered questionnaires randomly among the students of secondary preparatory TVET CTE University educational institutions found in central zone of Tigray region Ethiopia. Two sections departments were selected randomly from each institution. The collected data was analyzed quantitatively entering in to a computer using SPSS Version 16 using Chi-square Annova Sign test. Result More students found abstinence females 82.8 males 72.4. Sexually active students not found in first primary level. But in both sexes sexually active students found in junior primary level 7th268th grade in which males are significantly more than females. In both sexes majority students have started sexual activity in their secondary level 9th 2610th. The very interesting thing here is all female students who have arrived with abstinence to university level continue likewise. But among the male students who have arrived with abstinence only 4.4 of them break their abstinence in their university life. In both sexes majority of those who have started sexual activity continue likewise females 85.5 males 67.4. Unlike to this half of the male students who have arrived sexually active to university level stopped their sexual activity after their arrival. Majority students in both sexes used to mate only with their friends females 73.6 males 71.2. Unlike to this majority of the sexually active preparatory male students 80 found to used promiscuous sexual behavior. Similarly about half the female 58.3 and male 53.8 university students found to use promiscuous sexual behavior. The other unlike behavior is majority female students 69.6 as well as male students 66 were not on using condom regularity. The main reasons given by female students not to use condom regularly was because of trusting their boyfriends 37.1 they dislike it 31.4 their boyfriends dislike it 25.7. Likewise the reasons given by male students were because they trust their girlfriends 44.3 they dislike it 24.3 their girlfriends dislike it 22.9. In both sexes as well as in all level of education majority students had made HIVAIDS checkup. And among these 1.6 females and 2 males found HIVAIDS positive in which the secondary level students account highest females 8.6 and males 9. However15.5 female and14.6 male students have been found unchecked for HIVAIDS. The given reason by female students was lack of available chance 40.7 confidence 35.6 and frighten the news might be bad 22. Likewise the reason by male students was confidence 43.3 lack of available chance 31.7 and frighten the news might be e bad 18.3. Conclusion and recommendation Although majority students found sexual abstinence. considerable number of them had been sexually active. About half of the female and male sexually active university students were found to make promiscuous sexual behavior. In addition to this condition 69.6 the sexually active female students as well as 66 of the sexually active male students were found not on regular use of condom. These two conditions shows considerable numbers of students are on unsafe sexual behavior. This urges the ministry of education as well as ministry of health and other responsible bodies to intensify the awareness creation programs in students as well as in the rest of the society. According to this research 84.5 of female as well as 85.4 of male students found perform HIV checkup. Among these 1.6 females and 2 males found HIVAIDS positive This HIV positive condition is not small so it urges the ministry of education as well as ministry of health and other stake holders to work hard in their formal as well as informal programs.
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