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Studies on Neutron, Photon (Bremsstrahlung) and Proton Induced Fission of Actinides and Pre-Actinides

Journal: Journal of Nuclear Physics, Material Sciences, Radiation and Applications (Vol.3, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 55-73

Keywords : Fission products yields; mass yield distribution; photon; neutron and proton induced fission; actinides ( 232 Th; 238 u ); pre-actinides ( nat Pb; 209 Bi); nuclear structure effect.;

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We present the yields of various fission products determined in the reactor neutron, 3.7-18.1 MeV quasi-mono energetic neutron, 8-80 MeV bremsstrahlung and 20-45 MeV proton induced fission of 232 Th and 238 u using radiochemical and off-line beta or gamma ray counting. The yields of the fission products in the bremsstrahlung induced fission nat Pb and 209 Bi with 50- 70 MeV and 2.5 GeV based on off-line gamma ray spectrometric technique were also presented. From the yields of fission products, the mass chains yields were obtained using charge distribution correction. From the mass yield distribution, the peak-to-valley (P/V) ratio was obtained. The role of excitation energy on the peak-to-valley ratio and fine structure such as effect of shell closure proximity and even-odd effect of mass yield distribution were examined. The higher yields of the fission products around A=133-134, 138-140 and 143-144 and their complementary products explained from the nuclear structure effect and role of standard I and II mode of asymmetric fission. In the neutron, photon (bremsstrahlung) and proton induced fission, the asymmetric mass distribution for actinides (Th, u ) and symmetric distribution for pre-actinides (Pb, Bi) were explained from different type of potential fission barrier.

Last modified: 2019-12-03 19:01:59