TRAINING OF LEARNERS’ SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH ACTIVITY ABILITIES AND INTEREST IN COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL: THE ANALYSIS AND PROGNOSIS OF THE SITUATIONJournal: GAMTAMOKSLINIS UGDYMAS / NATURAL SCIENCE EDUCATION (Vol.5, No. 3)
Publication Date: 2008-12-05
Authors : Vincentas Lamanauskas; Dalia Augienė;
Page : 6-28
Keywords : scientific research activity; Delphi research;
The formation of scientific research activity abilities in comprehensive school is undoubtedly, a very important sphere still awaiting of particular attention. Current teaching and learning process has basically changed looking from the paradigmatic point of view. Teaching subjects become the means of realization of learners' demands and interests. Scientific research activity is not an entertainment but a very responsible, thorough work requiring great self- independence. During this activity children's analytic thinking becomes stronger, information search and usage abilities are being developed, they can learn to analyze the accumulated material, make presentations, prepare research reports and so on. It is important to make more pupils interested in this activity. This shouldn't be the privilege of gifted pupils only. However, talking about the developing of scientific research activity at school, several essential questions arise: • Is it possible to teach every child to perform research activity? • What to do if a pupil wants to take up scientific research activity but school can't provide elementary conditions for this purpose (for example, there is no equipment, no competent leader and so on.)? • How to integrate effectively scientific research elements into teaching content? Research object is training of pupils' scientific research activity abilities and interest in comprehensive schools. Research purpose is to describe current situation of organizing and performing scientific research, to define essential factors encouraging and disturbing the pupils' interest in scientific research activity, to determine essential peculiarities of teachers' competence in the sphere of organizing and performing scientific research activity. Expert inquiry was applied in the research. The kind of expert inquiry is “Delphi research” which foresees expert questioning for several times (stages). The research was carried out from March to May 2008. From the group preliminary formed from 45 experts, 30 took part in the research. Experts were communicated with using e-mail. The first data analysis round was followed by the preparation of the second stage questionnaire, which consisted of closed type questions. Second stage data have been processed employing mathematical statistics. The third stage questionnaire has been prepared according to the second stage generalised results.
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