WOMEN UPLIFTMENT: IMPLEMENTATION AND PERFORMANCE OF MGNREGAJournal: SCHOLARLY RESEARCH JOURNAL FOR INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES (Vol.4, No. 31)
Publication Date: 2017-04-07
Authors : Shrutika Mukhija; R.K.Sant;
Page : 5278-5287
Keywords : NA;
National rural employment guarantee act 2005, which was later renamed as MGNREGA i.e. “Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act” is a measure that guarantee the “right to work”. It aims to give security of livelihood in rural areas by giving minimum 100 days of wages employment to the adult members of households in each financial year for unskilled manual work. NREGA implements from 2 February 2006 by Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh in about 200 districts and covered all the districts of India from 1 April 2008. MGNREGA also provide durability by creating rural assets like roads, canals, ponds, walls etc. Gram Panchayat play an important role in MGNREGA as by providing registration form and issuing job cards. According to constitution of India NREGA follows Article 46 that promotes the upliftment of the SC, ST from the discrimination and exploitation in the society. MGNREGA focuses on the economic security, women empowerment, asset creation, corporation and development in agriculture sector as well. By increasing their agriculture wages and studies have found that agriculture wages especially for women have increased significantly. About one third of the employment of all employment is reserved for women in this act. In this paper we will discuss all possible components of MGNREGA under all aspects which are affecting it directly or indirectly. There is a significant achievement of MGNREGA in most states is potential around years but in some states it is lacking behind in some aspects. About seventy percent expenditure on MGNREGA is on wages which has increased the bargaining power of labour and also increases the employment opportunities and flexible working hours. Apart from implementation of this scheme there are certain socio- economic features which restrict women – participation in some places. Environment safety and adaptability is a certain issue arises among government. The MGNREGA is focuses on these issues state-wise. The key issue which affects the implementation of MGNREGA is a problem of awareness among the people of rural areas and backward communities about different benefits guidelines of MGNREGA. Various recommendations are welcomed with greater compliance with provision of MGNREGA guidelines especially for women upliftment. Every state has monitored the indicators at highest level to track MGNREGA implementation of women upliftment.
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