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Hygiene For Preparation Of Infant Formular In A Developing Country

Journal: International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research (Vol.2, No. 9)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 1-5

Keywords : Index Terms commercial infant formula; caregivers; contamination; hygiene; infants; milk; risk.;

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Abstract The study determined the efficacy of protocols employed in replacementartificial feeding using commercial infant formula. The study was carried out in the different suburban locations of Harare Zimbabwe. A sample size of 20 motherscaregivers giving commercial infant formula to their babies at between 0-6 months was targeted. Convenience and snowball sampling techniques were used to identify the participants. Interviews using a structured questionnaire were conducted and complemented by direct observation of the participants as they prepared the infant formula. The results were tallied against a checklist of recommended practices and label instructions. The results established that there were short falls in the preparation procedures as employed by the caregivers mainly the mixing order of powder and water temperature of the water for reconstitution and handling of left over formula after feed 50 percent of caregivers were not adhering to the label instructions as given by the manufacturers and to recommendations proposed by World Health Organisation. Poor hand washing was indicative in 80 of the cases. Bottle feeding was predominant n16 compared to cup feeding n4 and the population practicing artificial feeding were mostly the young 90 married 80 educated 100 and working group 90. The researcher recommends that health providers strengthen efforts to ensure that adequate informationcounselling and consistent advice of optimal benefit to the infant-mother pair be given and that the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare Nutrition unit must strictly monitor the activities and the information given out by infant formula manufacturers as stipulated by the International Code of Marketing of Breast milk Substitutes and also giving them the responsibility of following up on the appropriate use of their products.

Last modified: 2014-03-17 17:38:10