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A Novel Approach for Classification of Soil and Crop Prediction

Journal: International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing - IJCSMC (Vol.7, No. 3)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 20-24

Keywords : Classification and Regression Trees (CART); Exchangeable Sodium Percentage; C4.5; Electrical Conductivity; Decision tree;

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Decision tree is a well-known approach for classification in data mining. C4.5 and Classification and Regression Trees (CART) are two widely used decision tree algorithms for classification. The main drawback of C4.5 algorithm is that, it is biased towards attributes with more values while CART algorithm produces misclassification errors when the domain of the target attribute is very large. In view of these limitations, this paper presents a modified decision tree algorithm. The C4.5, CART and the proposed classifier are trained using data set containing soil samples by considering optimal soil parameters namely pH (power of Hydrogen), Ec (Electrical Conductivity) and ESP (Exchangeable Sodium Percentage). The model is tested with test data set of soil samples. The test proves that the modified decision tree algorithm has higher classification accuracy when compared to C4.5 and CART algorithms. Classification of soil is the separation of soil into classes or groups each having similar characteristics and potentially similar behavior. Classification of soil is needed so that farmer can know the type of soil and can plough the crops depending on the type of soil.

Last modified: 2018-03-13 20:13:31