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# The evaluation of derivatives of double barrier options of the Bessel processes by methods of spectral analysis

Journal: Investment Management and Financial Innovations (Vol.14, No. 3)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 126-134

Keywords : barrier option; Bessel diffusion process; Bessel functions; financial flows; Green’s function; infinitesimal operator; singular parabolic operator; spectral theory;

### Abstract

The paper deals with the spectral methods to calculate the value of the double barrier option generated by the Bessel diffusion process. This technique enables us to calculate the option price in the form of a Fourier-Bessel series with the corresponding ratio. The autors propose a simple method to estimate options using the Green's expansion function for boundary value problem for a singular parabolic equation. Thus, the accuracy of the estimation coincides with the accuracy of the convergence of the Fourier-Bessel series. In this paper, the authors use the spectral theory to calculate the price of derivatives of financial assets considering that the processes described are by Markov and can be considered in Hilbert spaces. In this work, the authors use the diffusion process to find derivatives prices by introducing them through the Bessel functions of first kind. They also examine the Sturm-Liouville problem where the boundary conditions utilize the Bessel functions and their derivatives. All assumptions lead to analytical formulae that are consistent with the empirical evidence and, when implemented in practice, reflect adequately the passage of processes on stock markets. The authors also focus on the financial flows generated by Bessel diffusion processes which are presented in the system of Bessel functions of the first order under the condition that the linear combination of the flow and its spatial derivative are taken into account. Such a presentation enables us to calculate the market value of a share portfolio, provides the measurement of internal volatility in the market at any given time, and allows us to investigate the dynamics of the stock market. The splitting of Green's function in the system of Bessel functions is presented by an analytical formula which is convenient for calculating the price level of options.