THE POLICY OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN AGRICULTURE OF CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE, INDONESIAJournal: International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET) (Vol.8, No. 12)
Publication Date: 2017-12-26
Authors : TAUFIK KURNIAWAN HARRY SOESANTO WARIDIN WARIDIN;
Page : 1128-1135
Keywords : crop production; agriculture; rural development; Indonesia;
Agriculture still plays an important role in Indonesian economy. It shares for more than 15% to Gross Domestic Product. Nevertheless, this sector avails for more than 35% of labour employment. With more than 240 million people and majority depend on food-crop (especially rice) as a single food-source, the country facing a challenge on food availability as well as its sustainability. Strategy for improving foodproduction needs to consider to the potency of local-based resources. This paper describes the capacity of food-crop production for improving regional food security. It is also identify agriculture and rural-based development implemented in Central Java for supporting food production and its security. The results of the study might help in formulating a proposed model to improve food crops production in supporting food security under agriculture and rural-based development. The case study was conducted in districts which shares the important roles on agriculture (especially food-crop) production in Central Java, Indonesia. Data were collected from farmers, officers from agriculture-related institutions, and other stakeholders. The results show that Central Java Province has the capacity on food crop (rice) production for securing food availability, distribution, and accessibility for people in the region. It has a moderate on food security for the products, and surplus of production have distributed to other regions within the country. However, other food crops still facing shortage of supply since lack of productions. It requires a commitment from government and stakeholders for improving capacity building on agricultural and rural-based development.
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