The Lack Of Proper Distribution Of Energy Subsidies Endangers The Arab WorldJournal: International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research (IJTEEE) (Vol.1, No. 5)
Publication Date: 2013-12-25
Authors : Mohammed Saleh Al. Ansari;
Page : 36-46
Keywords : Keywords Electricity; Arab world; Gulf Cooperation Councils; Environment; Reform;
Abstract Policies regarding maintaining domestic energy costs have been a menacing problem politically and economically within the Arab countries as well as within other parts of the world. Many objectives have been put forward to assist with energy conservation. Of these objectives there have been discussions about expanding residents access to energy sources which will protect income strapped households fostering the industrial growth of the energy sector equally providing each individual with an allotted amount of energy that they are permitted to utilize as well as enforcing that countries that are rich when it comes to natural gas and oil resources renting out their resource to other countries that do not have the luxury of these two energy sources. Even though energy subsidies have been established as a means to distribute energy this paper argues that distributing energy in this fashion is costly and an inefficient process of energy distribution. Energy subsidies contort the price of energy sources for their own personal gain and not for the gain of the people that require the source but have no means to attain it. Energy subsidies do not render any benefits for median or low income households. Instead the households that reap the benefits of energy subsidies are high income households and industries. Which high income households and larger corporations are benefiting from paying lower costs for their energy consumption while households that are struggling to get by are being forced to chip away at the little scraps that they do have. However despite all of the disadvantages of energy subsidies they continue to play an important part in the safety net for poor individuals throughout the Arab world and all across the globe. Any attempts to eliminate the subsidies will lead to an absence in compensatory programmes that could in the end cause a further decline of the welfare of households and eliminate the competitive edge that certain industries possess. The only way that a successful reform can be attempted is if the government steps in and compensates the population benefiting from the energy subsidies while reducing its influence through carefully planned mitigation techniques that will protect the poorest households while also assisting the economy to learn to adapt without the subsidies in place. Our argument is that reforming the way that energy is priced in the Arab world will prove to be beneficial from many different perspectives offering potential avenues that can be taken to lead the reform. This paper recognizes the current political climate throughout the region will proclaim that domestic reform of the present energy prices will be a difficult process the reform will need to be taken on as a medium to long-term endeavor in order for everyone to reap the benefits.
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