A STUDY OF OZONE ? DEPLETING SUBSTANCES IN ALBANIA, IN ORDER TO DETERMINE FORECASTS OF ODS CONSUMMATIONJournal: International journal of ecosystems and ecology science (IJEES) (Vol.3, No. 2)
Publication Date: 2013-03-02
Authors : Valbona Hoxha;
Page : 279-282
Keywords : monitoring; HCFCs; importing plan; mini archive for HCFCs;
The article represents some data concerning the usage of the ozone depleting substances in Albania. These data are the result of a monitoring of the usage of the HCFCs from the year 2006 and on. The study is carried on based on the guide about “The Compilation of the Program for addition of the Ozone Secretariat” (UNEP/OzL.Pro/ExCom/54/53, 7 March 2008), the EU directives, the Albanian legislation, and the experience of the EU countries. The main use sectors of the HCFCs in Albania are cooling and refrigeration equipments. The reckoning method of the HCFCs consumption includes: a. Getting of the official importing quantities of the HCFCs and the respective equipments and b. The distribution data of the ozone depleting substances from the trade suppliers. According to the data of the year 2006-2009 the consumption of the HCFC (including both mixed and pure) is in constant increase as follows: 40tons in 2006; 46,34tons in 2007; 74,5tons in 2008 and 97,37tons in 2009. The whole consumption of the ozone depleting substances refers totally to the import data since Albania has never produced HCFCs substances. In our country no plastic foams, solvents and medical products based on HCFCs are ever produced. HCFCs used in Albania are R22, R402B, R402A, R406A and R502 which are the substituent of the CFCs. The consumption of the HCFCS in the used equipments working with HCFCs is cheaper. This study helped in preparing of a mini archive of the consuming equipments of the HCFCs and the compilation of an imported plan of the HCFCs in Albania. The study represents a valuable contribution on the environmental policy of our country.
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