Investigation of the Effect of Jig-Saw Training on Care Burden of the Main Caregiver of Patients Undergoing Renal Transplantation SurgeryJournal: International Research Journal of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences (IRJPMS) (Vol.1, No. 5)
Publication Date: 2018-09-10
Authors : Aziz Shahraki Vahed Ali Mansouri Sajedeh Noushirvani;
Page : 63-66
Keywords : Training; jig-saw; care load; the main caregiver; kidney transplant.;
Background: Chronic diseases, including renal patients, bring a lot of psychological, social and economic burden to the family and the patient's primary caregiver. Therefore, some interventions such as education can have a significant effect on reducing the burden of care in caregivers. One of the educational methods is participatory learning, which is considered to be a gig-sav model. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Jig-Sao's training on the caring times of the main caregiver of patients undergoing renal transplantation surgery. Method: This randomized clinical trial study was performed on 70 patients undergoing renal transplantation surgery in two groups of 35 intervention and control groups at al-ibn 'Abitaleb hospital in Zahedan, Iran. The data gathering tool was a demographic and care information questionnaire (ZARIT). After selecting the participants, the patients were randomly divided into intervention and control groups. Subsequently, in the intervention group, training was provided by the Jig-Sao method. Finally, three months after the training, the questionnaire was completed for the main caregiver. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 22. Findings: The findings showed that the mean score of caring weight in the control group before intervention was not significantly different with the three months after the intervention (p <0.07). But in the intervention group, the mean score of the caring burden before the training decreased significantly with the three months after the training (p <0.001). Also, the comparison of the two groups before intervention was not significant (p = 0.052), but after the intervention, there was a significant difference (p <0.001). Conclusion: The present study showed that jig-learning education in patients undergoing renal transplantation surgery has a significant effect on the care burden of their main caregivers. Therefore, it is recommended that systematic training programs be developed for these patients and their main caregivers as well as for other chronic diseases and integrated into the health system.
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