Potential of Agroforestry, Inventorization, Distribution Pattern and Phytosociological Analysis of Tree Species in Block Ramgarh, Samba (J&K), IndiaJournal: International Journal of Advances in Agricultural Science and Technology (IJAAST) (Vol.2, No. 6)
Publication Date: 2014-06-30
Authors : Kulvinder Kour; Sanjay Sharma;
Page : 19-25
Keywords : Agroforestry; Phytosociology; Basal area; Shannon Weiner index;
Trees play an important role in ecosystem in all terrestrials and provide a range of products and services to rural and urban people. As natural vegetation is cut for agriculture and other types of development, the benefits that trees provide are best sustained by integrating trees into agricultural system ? a practice known as agroforestry. Farmers have practiced agroforestry since ancient times. Agroforestry focuses on the wide range of trees grown on farms and other rural areas. In the present study, we analyzed distribution pattern, diversity and phytosociology of tree species in Block Ramgarh, Samba, Jammu and Kashmir. Data were collected through sample plot surveys. A total of thirty sample plots of one hectare size (100x100m) each were selected in agriculture fields. A total of 17 tree species were encountered in agricultural fields with Zizyphus maurtiana, Mangifera indica, Melia azadirachta, Dalbergia sissoo etc. the dominant tree species. Mangifera indica was the most dense tree species with density value of 1.9 tree/ha followed by Melia azadirachta having density of 1.1 tree/ha. Bauhinia purpurea was the least dense species (0.03 tree/ha). The highest basal area in case of tree species was obtained for Zizyphus maurtiana (5.13m2/ha) followed by Ficus religiosa (2.94m2/ha). The value of Shannon Weiner index was found to be 2.41 for trees in agriculture fields. The results of the study revealed that, the trees in agriculture fields are very sparse which can be exploited as potential sites for tree plantations.
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