COMPLEX INDEX OF FIRE DANGER RURAL AREAS OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTANJournal: Pozharovzryvobezopastnost/Fire and Explosion Safety (Vol.25, No. 5)
Publication Date: 2016-05-25
Purpose. The purpose and objective of the research is to adapt the method of fire risk assessment to the municipalities of the Republic of Kazakhstan with the use of integrated (territorial) fire risks. Methods. The methodological basis of the research is the theory of integral fire risks. Up to the present time in the Republic of Kazakhstan the complex index of fire danger countryside has not assessed. Without such research it is impossible to solve the problem of increasing fire safety level of municipalities. There is therefore a need to adapt the known method of fire risk assessment to the municipalities of the Republic of Kazakhstan and this assessment allows to characterize urban and rural fire risk, which determines the relevance of the study. Apply the technique of fire danger level assessment necessary for management decision-making to ensure the fire safety of municipalities based on an integrated indicator. Results. The serial analysis of fire risks carried out at the national and municipal levels. Based on the results of the research there are proved the values of the complex parameter to assess the level of fire danger municipalities. It was found that the average number of fires in the republic more urban than in rural areas, but the complex index of fire danger countryside more than 2 times worse than urban. The worst situation is in the countryside in Mangistau, Pavlodar, Akmola, North Kazakhstan, East Kazakhstan and West Kazakhstan regions. Research application fields. The results can be used by local executive authorities and authorized bodies in the field of fire safety in the development of appropriate management decisions to reduce fire risk in rural areas of the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as in the design of fire service. Conclusions. The analysis of fire danger countryside of the Republic of Kazakhstan showed that the complex index of fire danger in the countryside in 2 times worse than in the city. This circumstance is due to the fact that rural areas account for most fatalities and injuries. The main reasons for exceeding the number of injured and killed in the village is the remoteness of rural settlements from the fire and rescue units. The proposed approach to the assessment of fire danger levels countryside should be used in the development of measures to reduce fire risks in their respective territories.
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