ANALYSIS OF DOMESTIC PATENTS FOR INVENTIONS IN THE SPHERE OF FIRE SAFETY (2014)Journal: Pozharovzryvobezopastnost/Fire and Explosion Safety (Vol.24, No. 10)
Publication Date: 2015-10-25
Authors : EVDOKIMOV V.I. POTASHEV D.A.;
Page : 5-12
Keywords : ;
Introduction. Fire safety means security of an individual, property, society and state from the fires. It is considered that innovative development of branch of knowledge should be analyzed using patent associated documents. A research objective - to carry out the analysis of the domestic patents for inventions on fire safety granted in 2014. Materials and methods. The object of research was an electronic database of patents for inventions of Russian Federal Service for Intellectual Property, patents and trademarks (Rospatent) (http://www1.fips.ru). Search word "fire*" truncated by an "asterisk*" was used. Similarity (distinctions) of signs was determined by Student's t-test. Distribution of patents by years was investigated using dynamic ranking with second-order polynomial regression. Results and their analysis. The polynomial trend of the number of patents granted in 1994-2014 with low determination coefficient (R 2 = 0.69) shows their increase. In the two decades -1994-2013 (135+7) inventions on fire safety were patented in Russia annually. In 2014, Rospatent registered 246 inventions on fire safety. 15.3 % of inventions were devoted to physical and chemical bases of burning development and termination, explosion and fire safety; 7.4 % were devoted to the organization of fire extinguishing and rescue operations; 5.6 % - to fire safety of buildings and constructions; 5.9 % - to fire safety of the woods; 34.4 % - to the firefighting equipment; 12.3 % - to industry and fire automatic equipment; 3 % - to fire safety of electric units; 0.3 % - to other subjects. Conclusion. In 1994-2014, an increase in the number of patents for inventions in the field of fire safety was noted. Analysis of inventions makes it possible to predict development of knowledge in the field of fire safety.
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