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Journal: Applied Engineering Letters (Vol.3, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 129-134

Keywords : Domestic hot water; azimu angle; tilt angle; orientatio optimization; simulation;

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Solar energy is the most abundant, inexhaustible and clean of all the renewable energy resources till today. Solar energy has received much more attention in building energy systems in recent years. During the first years of the twenty-first century, extensive efforts have been undertaken to alleviate global warming of the earth caused by emission of CO2 in atmosphere. These emissions are generated by intensive burning of fossil fuels to satisfy the growing energy needs of humanity. The emissions may be mitigated when part of energy needs is satisfied by using non-polluting energy sources such as solar energy, instead of fossil fuels.In households, customary is to use electricity for heating of DHW. Most of electricity is produced by using coal with high greenhouse emission. Accordingly, worldwide, the most rewarding application of solar energy is when it replaces electrical energy for heating of DHW in households. The solar collector has to take the optimal position that will guarantee the highest generation of heat. Optimal positioning must be based on rigorous calculations and not on the basis of experience. Such calculations lead to the improvement of the operation of solar energy systems. This paper gives a review of research with the objective of presenting, classifying and analysing the different criteria by which the authors observed an optimal position of the solar collector. In addition, it is important to have a high efficiency of conversion of solar energy to heat. Then, the highest amount of avoided primary energy, avoided electrical energy, avoided exergy, and decrease in CO2 emissions may be expected.

Last modified: 2019-01-17 04:35:06