SWEDEN AS A NEW COLLECTION OF COSSACKS AT THE FINAL STAGE OF NATIONAL WARNING WARJournal: Young Scientist (Vol.7, No. 4)
Publication Date: 2019-04-01
Authors : Gumeniuk Oksana Goshta Anna;
Page : 37-40
Keywords : Cossack; Rzeczpospolita; Sweden; union; agreement; hetman; letters; autonomy; protectorate;
The article deals with the foreign relations of the state of Bogdan Khmelnytsky and Sweden. The replacement of the Western powers with the events in Ukraine to a large extent depended on its division into two hostile camps: Catholic and Protestant. The states of the first of them – Austria, Spain and the Principality of South Germany – supported their ally – Poland, and immediately took a negative stance on the liberation struggle of the Ukrainian people. An analysis of the features of the search for an ally of the Cossacks against the backdrop of the Pereiaslav Treaty, which was already signed, is underway. herefore, it is necessary to find out on what principles B. Khmelnitsky stood, which political orientation was observed, and that he was able to do for the international recognition of Cossack Ukraine. The fact that during the Hetmanate period the hetman for a certain period changed the balance of power in Eastern Europe, the Cossacks became known far beyond the borders of Ukrainian lands, and the Hetmanate's army was one of the best in Europe. Ukrainian national revolution of the seventeenth century. is the period of the history of our state, which is well covered both in Ukrainian and foreign historiography. At the same time, Ukrainian historians do not have a single assessment of the events of Khmelnytsky, from the desire to explicitly idealize and hyperbolize the role of Bogdan Khmelnytsky and the consequences of the national revolution, to the critique of Hetman's activity.Despite a significant number of publications devoted to the period of formation of the Hetmanate, concerning its own foreign policy, its main vectors, and even more so, there are not many studies on the Swedish foreign policy course of Bogdan Khmelnytsky. It should be noted that the Swedish vector itself remains the least investigated. This is due to relatively short-lived relations between hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky and Charles X Gustaf. Despite such features of coverage of the topic, in Ukrainian historiography it is possible to distinguish a number of works of historians who are trying to characterize and assess Ukrainian-Swedish relations during Khmelnytsky. A separate section devoted to the diplomatic activity of Khmelnitsky is found in the monograph of Ivan Krypiakevich "Bogdan Khmelnytsky", where the main directions of foreign policy of the Hetmanate are briefly and correctly covered.
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