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Evaluation of low-velocity impact behavior of epoxy nanocomposite laminates modified with SiO2 nanoparticles at cryogenic temperatures

Journal: Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (Vol.5, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 115-125

Keywords : Glass fiber; Epoxy composite; Cryogenic temperature; Low-velocity impact;

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Epoxy based fiber reinforced composites are widely utilized in aerospace applications due to mechanical properties, thermal stability and, chemical resistance. However, it is known that materials become brittle and due to the poor crack resist restricts their applications in cryogenic engineering applications. The purpose of this paper is to experimentally investigate the cryogenic temperatures' effect on the low-velocity impact (LVI) test of composite laminates. In addition, the effect of matrix modification in the studied composites was investigated. The LVI tests were conducted at RT (room temperature), 0 °C, -50 °C, -150 °C and -196 °C (liquid nitrogen temperature) on the composite laminates to measure influence on their energy absorption capacity. LVI tests performed according to ASTM-D-7136 standard under 10, 20 and 30 J impact energy levels. The results show that the contact forces and energy absorption capacities are improved by adding SiO2 nanoparticles into the epoxy matrix. The absorbed energy at cryogenic temperatures is increased by 24.87% from 18.1 J of pure epoxy resin to 22.7 J of modified epoxy. For the purpose of comparison, the LVI properties of composites at room temperature (RT) are also investigated. It is noted that the energy absorption capacity is not higher at cryogenic temperatures than that at RT for the modified and neat epoxy composites. Moreover, the peak contact forces are reduced in low-temperature conditions.

Last modified: 2019-06-13 00:34:51