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PERSONALITY MODELS WITH DIFFERENT TYPES OF LIFE STRATEGIES

Journal: Nauka i osvita / Science and Education (Vol.CLXV, No. 3)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 5-11

Keywords : personality; life strategy; interpersonal relations; locus of control; self-actualization;

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Abstract

The paper aims to analyze the results of the carried out empirical research of personal peculiarities of people with stable and unstable life strategies. The research was conducted at Odessa National University named after I.I. Mechni-kov involving 200 persons and Odesa Employment Center involving 100 persons. The following research methods were used in the study: 16 PF Questionnaire by R. Cattell for examining individual psychological personality properties with stable and unstable life strategies; T. Leary's Interpersonal Behavior Circle for determining the dominant type of atti-tude towards people in self-esteem; Personality Self-Actualization Test by O. Lazukin in adaptation of N. Kalona for revealing the level of personality self-actualization and behavior component of consciousness; Rotter's Locus of Con-trol Scale in the adaptation of Ye. Bazhin for examining personal characteristics manifesting person's proneness to explain life events by internal or external factors. Two types of respondents have been distinguished: those ones having a stable life strategy (who are working in the profession chosen) and those having an unstable life strategy (who have decided to quit job and change occupation). These are two types of personality models differing by the stability or instability of life strategies. The first one reproduces the structure consisting of three factors: emotional and volitional peculiarities, parameters of self-actualization (support) and types of interpersonal relations (kindness and subordination). The second model covers three factors: locus of control (responsibility), peculiarities of emotional con-trol and parameters of self-actualization (sensitivity towards oneself, one's needs and feelings).

Last modified: 2019-06-18 18:36:08