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Journal: Техника и технология пищевых производств (Food Processing: Techniques and Technology) (Vol.49, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 135-143

Keywords : coextrusion; rheological and physico-mechanical properties;

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The research features a comprehensive study aimed at increasing the technological compatibility of multilayer packaging materials. The paper describes a recycling technology with the prospect of returning the resulting secondary raw materials to the production cycle. The research included the following tasks: to conduct a comprehensive study of polyolefin mixtures modified by ethylene propylene copolymer; to study the effect of the copolymer on the rheological and physicomechanical properties of polymer compositions; to propose a technology for the recycling of secondary polyolefin mixtures. The research involved the following methods: the capillary viscometry method was used to determine the rheological properties of polymer compositions; the tensile test method was employed to define the physicomechanical properties of the compositions; the pycnometric method was used to assess the density of the mixtures. The study featured such polymers as polyethylene, polypropylene, and ethylene-propylene copolymer, which was chosen as a link between the polymers. The authors obtained polymer compositions in various ratios of polyethylene, polypropylene, and ethylene-propylene copolymer: 70:30:0; 68.5:28.5:3; 65:25:10; 30:70:0; 28.5: 68.5: 3; 25:65:10. The article describes the process of modifying polyolefin compositions based on polyethylene and polypropylene by ethylene-propylene copolymer on a single-screw extruder. The authors defined the rheological properties and the deformation-strength characteristics of the polymer mixtures. Repeated processing proved to lead to a decrease in the physicomechanical properties of polyolefin mixtures, with the exception of compositions based on polyethylene and polypropylene in the ratio of 30:70, where the breaking stress increased. The number of processing cycles increased the melt flow rate of the mixtures. The proposed technology is meant for producing multilayer packaging materials using packaging waste in the middle layer for contact with food.

Last modified: 2019-06-25 11:06:19