ResearchBib Share Your Research, Maximize Your Social Impacts
Sign for Notice Everyday Sign up >> Login

Assessment of Serum Lipid Profile among Male Cigarette Smokers in Jos Metropolis| Biomed Grid

Journal: American Journal of Biomedical Science & Research (Vol.3, No. 6)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 531-533

Keywords : Lipid profile; Cigarette Smokers; Jos; Biomed Grid;

Source : Downloadexternal Find it from : Google Scholarexternal


Background: Cigarette smoking is one of the habits that affects health but there is increase in number of people adapting to the habit day after day globally and in Jos-Nigeria. Aim of study: The study is aimed at finding out the effect of smoking on lipid profiles between smokers and non-smokers so as to provide information for use to educate and advice smokers appropriately on the dangers of smoking. Study volunteers and methods: A cross sectional comparative study was performed in Jos metropolis to evaluate the change in the serum lipid profile in healthy male smokers and non-smokers subject between the ages of 15-45years. A total of 100 volunteers were selected and grouped as non-smokers (control) and smokers. All subjects were issued with questionnaire to get the vital data of the subjects. Biochemical analysis of fasting serum lipid profile of each group was assessed by enzymatic methods with aid of spectrophotometer Result: The results obtained in the research showed that smokers have the mean and standard deviation of total cholesterol, (TC), triglyceride (TG),high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) as 6.40±1.41mMol/L,1.90±0.66mMol/L 1.80±0.52mMol/L and 3.6±1.21mMol/L respectively whereas non-smokers have the mean and standard deviation of total cholesterol,(TC), triglyceride (TG),high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) as 3.20±0.71mMol/L,1.30±0.40 mMol/L,2.0±0.20mMol/L and 1.30±0.80mMol/L respectively. Conclusion: The TC, TG and LDL-C of smokers were greater than those of non-smokers, showing a significance at P<0.05 but the HDL-C of smokers were less than that of non-smokers. Cigarette smoking induces alterations in serum lipid levels in direction that increases the risk of coronary heart disease. The youths should be educated on the health implications of cigarette smoking for a healthy society and environment

Last modified: 2019-07-18 20:18:47