Government support for transformation of labor relations in IT-sphere in the digital economyJournal: Scientific and practical journal “Economy of Industry” (Vol.86, No. 2)
Publication Date: 2019-06-01
Authors : Khandii Olena O.;
Page : 126-145
Keywords : government support; labor market; labor relations; information technologies; digitalization of the economy;
The processes of globalization and the digitization of the economy and society influence the change of production, financial, logistics, distribution relations and significantly transform labor relations. Any changes in the socio-economic sphere have positive and negative consequences, create new threats and opportunities that require in-depth study and development of measures aimed at preventing signs of negative predictions and accelerating positive changes in the social and labor sphere.The introduction of innovative methods of work in various sectors of the economy in line with the new requirements for the quality and speed of business processes in global markets is to a greatly dependent on the providing of human resources for digitalisation at all levels of management. The number and quality of IT specialists training, working conditions, labor rights compliance, government support for development and entrepreneurial activity of IT specialists determine the level of deficits and opportunities for the growth of the offer of IT professionals in the internal labor market. Recent trends in the IT industry, supply and demand, and some issues of government regulation have been researched. Conclusions on the need to strengthen government support to the industry and protect labor rights on Internet platforms and enterprise in the IT sphere were made.The preparation of a new generation of workforce that meets the modern and future needs of the digital economy requires a rapid response from the system of secondary and higher education to create the necessary competences in physics, computer science, chemistry and biology. The introduction of STEM-based education and STEM technologies (S-science, T- technology - E-engineering - M-mathematics) requires government support in the creation of material and technical base, broadband Internet infrastructure and national STEM- specialists according to trends in the labor market. The list of measures recommended for inclusion in the Action Plan for the implementation of the Concept for the Development of the Digital Economy and Society of Ukraine for 2019-2020 and 2021-2030 was developed according to the results of the study.
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