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The Influence of Retrospective Estimates of Maternal Parenting Style in Childhood on the Manifestations of Alexithymia and Empathy at Young People with Polydrug

Journal: Russian Psychological Journal (Vol.12, No. 3)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 114-133

Keywords : polydrug; retrospective estimation; alexithymia; empathy; mother; parenting; authoritativeness; hostility; inconsistency;

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The purpose of the research – the study of the impact of retrospective assessment of maternal parenting style, implemented in childhood manifestations of alexithymia and empathy at young people with polydrug. Subject of research – manifestations of alexithymia and empathic abilities of youth with polydrug, depending on he parameters of a retrospective evaluation of maternal parenting style, implemented in childhood. 50 polydrug patients, aged 20 to 30 years, a period of remission from 1.5 to 3 months and 50 – in the control group, participated in the research. We used Toronto alexithymia scale, test ADOR “Teens about parents” (E. Shafer) and test for the diagnostic of empathy (V. V. Boyko). As a result, it was found, that the highest levels of alexithymia and low values of empathy observed in inconsistent policy and hostile educational styles of mother, according to a retrospective evaluation of the subjects in the group of patients with polydrug, and in the control group. In the group of patients with polydrug, compared with the control group, revealed statistically signiZcant di[erences between the retrospective assessment of mother' educational style of parameters, such as “authoritativeness”, “hostility”, “inconsistency”, that exceeded the value of the control group, as well as the parameters “positive interest”, “autonomy”, that were expressed signiZcantly lower than in the control group. The degree of alexithymia at patients with polydrug is directly proportional to the severity of the “hostile” in the retrospective evaluation of the educational style of mother, and inversely proportional to the “autonomy”. As further perspectives of our research can be designated the study of the impact of the mother' image on the formation of motivational trends, motivational orientation in interpersonal communication and communication systems of the addicted patients, that may contribute to the improvement of psychocorrection rehabilitation programs for patients with drug addiction and for their families.

Last modified: 2019-10-08 19:59:20