Assessment of Quality of Life of People Living With HIVAIDS In Karnataka StateJournal: International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research (Vol.1, No. 10)
Publication Date: 2012-11-25
Authors : Basavarajaiah. D. M.; B. Narasimha murthy; B. Leelavathy; Maheshappa K;
Page : 38-47
Keywords : Keywords- HAART; QOL; AIDS; HIV; PLHIV; WHO.ART;
Abstract- HIV not only affects the physical well being of an individual but also the overall Quality of life QOL . The assessment of QOL is more important to understanding how the peoples lives are affected by HIV infection. It helps to evaluate the financial costs benefits of new programmes to health care providers and policymakers. The objective of present study is to determine the impact of human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV and HAART treatment on PLHIV. A total of 800 HIV positive patients above 18 years of age adults who are on HA ART and newly enrolled for HIV care in different ART centers of Bangalore city were recruited after obtaining informed consent .ART and pre ART eligible patients were interviewed at different intervals by using WHO-brief scale. Each client participated in three in-depth interviews IIDs. QOL-assessment was done across a range of different socioeconomic physical psychological and clinical parameters. Factorial and principle component methods were employed to find out the significant difference between the various QOL domains. The mean age of the male and female patients was 32.146.30 and 32.506.23 years respectively. The overall mean score on a scale of 0-100 was found to be 19.50 in pre ART and one year after completion of HAART the mean score was119.20.A statistically significant QOL scores between psychological physical and social relation domain is compared with educational status P2688040.05.The present study is to quantify QOL -with regard to educational status family income occupation family support immunological and clinical factors. HAART treatment educational status and also good social relationships can improve the QOL.The living environment of PLHIVS is one of the most important determinants of overall QOL it has been suggested that QOL may be uniquely affected by specific disease process such as AIDS. Factorial analysis and principle component- user friendly model is helpful for physicians researchers and policymakers for taking clinical decisions and for implementation of new programmes.
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