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Oral Health Status of Institutionalized Street Children Aged 5-15 Years In Guntur City Andhra Pradesh India

Journal: International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research (Vol.1, No. 11)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 19-23

Keywords : KEY WORDS- Institutionalized Street children; Substance use; Caries prevalence; Treatment needs.;

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ABSTRACT - OBJECTIVES To assess the oral health status oral hygiene practices and personal habits of institutionalized street children in Guntur city. METHODOLOGY A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on all street children 255 between 5 -15 years present during the study period in Guntur city. Information regarding the demographic factors personal habits and oral hygiene practices was obtained by interview method using questionnaire in a private area away from other participants. Along with this oral examination was performed according to ADA type III examination using mouth mirror CPI probe in a natural day light. Data was collected by using modified WHO Proforma 1997. RESULTS Mean age of study subjects was 11.022.3. Among the children interviewed in the present study 3.1 had indulged in substance use any time in their life. Bleeding and calculus was diagnosed as 52.5 and 42.4 respectively in children. Prevalence of dental caries was 50.19. The mean dmft value was 0.700.395 and mean DMFT value was 0.490.930. 43.13 subjects require one surface filling 11.4 subjects require two or more surface fillings 17.3 subjects require extraction. CONCLUSION The present study reveals higher levels of dental caries experience and untreated dental disease. Institutionalized street children from present study are commonly faced with oral health problems especially periodontal problems.

Last modified: 2013-04-13 21:51:58