Contribution of Fisheries to Food Security- A ReviewJournal: International Journal of Advances in Agricultural Science and Technology (IJAAST) (Vol.5, No. 12)
Publication Date: 2018-12-30
Authors : Kalawati Kumari;
Page : 48-54
Keywords : Fisheries; Food Security;
The oceans have historically been considered limitless and thought to harbour enough fish to feed an ever-increasing human population. However, the demands of a growing population, particularly in poorer countries, now far outstrip the sustainable yield of the seas. At the same time that fishing has become more industrialised and wild fish stocks have become increasingly depleted, the production of aquaculture, fish and shellfish farming, has grown rapidly to address the deficiencies in catch fishing. Capture fisheries produce more than 90 million metric tonnes of fish annually, providing the world's increasing population with a crucial source of protein. Due to the particular nutritional characteristics of fish, fisheries represent far more than a source of protein. Vitamins and minerals and omega-3 fatty acids are essential micronutrients that are necessary to stop malnutrition and reduce the burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases around the world.
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