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Journal: Journal of the Grodno State Medical University (Vol.18, No. 6)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 710-715

Keywords : atherosclerosis obliterans; diabetes mellitus; lower extremities; chronic critical ischemia; endovascular surgery;

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Background. The treatment of chronic critical ischemia of the lower extremities with their combined atherodiabetic lesion is one of the far from the resolved problems of modern surgery. Aim of the study. Analysis of the results of X-ray endovascular interventions in patients with critical lower limb ischemia due to atherodiabetic lesions of the femoral-popliteal-tibial segment. Material and methods. We analyzed the results of REVS in 60 patients with diabetes mellitus with critical ischemia of the lower extremities due to infra-anginal atherosclerotic occlusions with a follow-up period of up to 5 years from the moment of the manipulation. Results. The total shelf life of the lower limb after REVV was 492.4 ± 10.1 days. Out of 26 amputations performed, balloon angioplasty was performed in 18 cases and stenting in 8 cases. In individuals with type I diabetes, the duration of painless period was 415.4 ± 5.1 days, and the total shelf life of the leg was 465.4 ± 4.3 days. In type II diabetes, these indicators were, respectively, 181.4 ± 4.4 days and 317.8 ± 6.7 days. In the group of patients with type I diabetes, the lower limb was saved in 55.6% of cases (in 20 out of 36 patients), and in type II diabetes - in 58.3% (in 14 out of 24 people). Conclusions. The presence of simultaneously obliterating atherosclerosis and diabetes mellitus in patients leads to a combined atherodiabetic lesion of the arterial bed, including infra-anginal arteries. X-ray endovascular interventions (balloon angioplasty and stenting) on the arterial femoral-popliteal-tibial segment are a rather effective method of eliminating chronic critical lower limb ischemia, which allows preserving the lower limb in 56.7% patients with a follow-up period of up to 5 years from the date of surgery. Improving the results of X-ray endovascular interventions in case of chronic critical atherodiabetic lower limb ischemia requires a comprehensive study of the possible causes of occlusions of reconstructed arterial segments (blood coagulation potential, non-optimal processes in the intervention zone).

Last modified: 2021-01-26 16:32:56