Fârâbî ve İbn Rüşd’ün Siyaset Nazariyeleri (Mukayeseli Bir Çalışma)Journal: ATEBE Dinî Araştırmalar Dergisi (Vol.2, No. 4)
Publication Date: 2021-12-15
Authors : Mehmet Murat KARAKAYA;
Page : 31-56
Keywords : al-Farabi; Ibn Rushd; Plato; Virtuous City; Politics; Policy; Statecraft;
Fârâbî is one of the leading philosophers who produced theories on politics and introduced paradigms in the field of Islamic philosophy. Except for theoretical fields such as logic, ontology, epistemology and axiology, he has shed light on the Islamic political thought from past to present and the state structures built in the axis of this thought, through the theories he put forward on politics and state administration and placed the virtuous city at the center of his political philosophy with the concept of “al-medînetü'l-fâdıla/virtuous city”. Although he was inspired by Plato on this issue, he explained his original views based on the basic principles and concepts of the religion in which he believed. Although Ibn Rushd was a philosopher with his own philosophical and intellectual works, he was generally known as Aristotle's commentator in the world of philosophy and became famous with this aspect. However, Ibn Rushd, who is known as a philosopher who expounded the works of Aristotle in the field of metaphysics, the work he expounded in the field of political philosophy belongs to Plato, and this is one of the features that make him different. He demonstrated that Plato was also interested in political philosophy besides metaphysics and did not stay away from this field by expounding his work Republic under the name of ed-Darûri fi's-Siyâse. This article deals with the views of two great philosophers in the terms of Islamic political philosophy in a comparative manner from different angles.
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