The Analysis of Risk Factors for Obesity in Academic Community of the University of Malahayati in 2020Journal: International Journal of PharmaO2 (IJPO) (Vol.3, No. 2)
Publication Date: 2021-03-01
Authors : Slamet Widodo Dessy Hermawan Nurhalina Sari; Muhammad;
Page : 091-0101
Keywords : Obesity; Risk factors; Deficiency of vitamin D.;
The increasing of obesity prevalence in the age of 18 and above had increased significantly from year to year. This condition was a special challenge for public health workers, especially for the health promoters to see the impacts on health problems caused by obesity deeply. The incidence of obesity was often associated with several risk factors which cause the obesity. Some risk factors identified were the factors of vitamin D levels in blood, gender, heredity, socioe-conomic factors, exercise, food habit and sleep duration factor. This study aimed to determine the relationship between risk factors towards the incidence of obesity in academic community of the University of Malahayati Bandar Lampung in 2020. This research was a quantitative study. This study used an analytical observational with a case control research design. Data analysis used chi square test. On this study showed that the frequency of obesity in the group of respondents with hereditary factors who have an obese family history were 22 (73,3%), compared to respondents who did not have an obese family history were (23,3%). Statistical analysis found the frequency of obesity in heredity with category of obese family history was p-value = 0,00 (p <0,05) OR = 9,036. Statistically, there was not relationship between the risk factors of vitamin D levels in blood, gender, socioe-conomic, exercise, food habit and sleep duration towards the incident of obesity. In this research, the risk factors for the deficiency of vitamin D did not have relationship with the incidence of obesity statistically; this study showed that 30 obese respondents who were assigned to the case group all of them had deficiency of vitamin D. Although, the fact that from 30 non-obese respondents, there were 29 respondents had deficiency of vitamin D too. Heredity with the category of obese family history had a significant relationship with the incidence of obesity in academic community of the University of Malahayati Bandar Lampung in 2020.
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