ANALYSIS OF SPUR GEAR SCUFFING FOR LATHE MACHINE HEADSTOCK USING PRO-E AND ANSYS SOFTWAREJournal: International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology (IJESRT) (Vol.4, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2015-01-30
Authors : Mrs.Vandana Sharma; Prof.GVR Sheshagiri Rao;
Page : 50-53
Keywords : S: Spur gear; lathe machine;
Scuffing is a prominent surface failure mode of loaded, lubricated contacts of gears and rolling element bearings experiencing excessive relative sliding and high speeds. This temperature-induced failure occurs suddenly when the contact temperatures reach a critical level due to the frictional heat generated at the contact interface. Material properties and geometry of contacting surfaces, operating conditions (normal load, relative sliding and speed), surface texture (roughness amplitude and direction) as well as physical and chemical properties of the lubricant all influence the scuffing behavior of such components. In this study, a physics-based methodology is proposed for predicting thermal conditions of lubricated contacts under combined sliding and rolling, and for relating these thermal conditions to the likelihood of scuffing. The methodology combines (i) a mixed thermal elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) model to predict temperatures of the contacting surfaces and in the lubricant film in between, (ii) a convective heat transfer model to predict the time-varying temperature distributions of the contacting bodies, and (iii) a scuffing criterion to predict the onset of scuffing. The proposed general methodology is applied to a spur gear problem by considering variations of contact parameters along the tooth surfaces and incorporating a gear load distribution to predict contact loads. This spur gear scuffing model are gear of All Gear head stock of lathe machine uses a one-dimensional (line contact) thermal EHL model and a convective heat transfer model of a gear pair in an iterative manner to predict the maximum instantaneous contact temperatures, which are used with the scuffing temperature limits established by the experiments to determine the likelihood of scuffing to occur. At the end, the proposed methodology is compared to the conventional gear scuffing criteria to highlight its capabilities to overcome the major shortcoming these criteria.
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