THE PRODUCTION OF BIODIESEL BY TRANSESTERIFICATION PROCESS OF SUNFLOWER OILS AND ETHANOL, USING ALKALI CATALYSTJournal: International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology (IJESRT) (Vol.4, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2015-01-30
Authors : Prof.Praffulla G.Bansod;
Page : 229-234
Keywords : Sunflower oil; transesterification; ethyl ester; catalyst; glycerin. Sodium hydroxide.;
The transesterification reaction of sunflower oil with ethanol in presence of alkaline catalyst sodium hydroxide was studied. The effect of mass ratio of ethanol to oil, the mass ratio of catalyst to oil and reaction temperature was studied. The optimization of transesterification reaction were done .The optimum condition for transesterification reaction of sunflower oil achieved at ethanol/oil molar ratio 11:1,Catalyst concentration (NaoH) 1% wt/wt and reaction temperature at 950c , the maximum yield of the ethyl ester obtained 81%.
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