INTENSIFICATION OF HEAT TRANSFER AND FLOW IN HEAT EXCHANGER WITH SHELL AND HELICALLY COILED TUBE BY USING NANO FLUIDSJournal: International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology (IJESRT) (Vol.4, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2015-01-30
Authors : Khalid Faisal Sultan; Karema Assi Hamad;
Page : 446-460
Keywords : : Nanofluids; Spiral tube heat exchange; Convective heat transfer; Pressure drop;
This article presents an experimental study on enhancement of heat transfer and pressure drop of nanofluids flow. In this study the method using to enhancement of heat transfer and pressure drop, by used the helically coiled tube heat exchange and the nanofluids instead of the base fluid (oil). The concentrations of nanofluid used are ranging from (5 ? 30 wt%). The shell of the heat exchanger is constant wall temperature (CWT) . Two types of nanoparticles used in this paper silver (Ag (30nm)) and Titanium Oxide (TiO2 (50nm)) as well as the base fluid (oil). The effect of different parameters such as flow Reynolds number, nanofluid temperature, concentration and type of nanoparticle on heat transfer coefficient and pressure drop of the flow are studied at constant wall temperature. The obtained results show an increase in heat transfer coefficient of 45.35% for Ag + oil and 32.29% for TiO2 + oil at concentration of 30 wt % compared with base fluid (oil). The heat transfer coefficient and pressure drop is increased by using nanofluids (Ag, TiO2 ? oil ) instead of the base fluid (oil). In addition the results indicated that by using heat exchanger with shell and helically coiled tube, the heat transfer performance is improved as well as the pressure drop enhancement due to the curvature of the tube. Furthermore, a maximum increase of 34.15% (Ag + Oil) and 27.23% (TiO2+ Oil) in Nusselt number ratio for a range of Reynolds numbers between 20 and 200. This paper decided that the nanofluid behaviors are close to typical Newtonian fluids through the relationship between viscosity and shear rate. Moreover to performance index are used to present the corresponding flow and heat transfer technique. The type and size nanoparticles play an important role in enhancement of heat transfer rate.
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