A CRYSTAL CHEMISTRY OF HYDROXYAPATITE : A REVIEWJournal: International Journal of Advanced Research (Vol.9, No. 10)
Publication Date: 2021-10-13
Authors : Shiv Prakash Mishra;
Page : 707-712
Keywords : Octacalcium Phosphate Hydroxyapatite Hydrogen Phosphate Succinate Ion Scherrers Equation;
In chemistry of inorganic crystals, the octacalcium phosphate (OCP) is an apatite based crystals and having a hydrated layers which used in producing of needle or plate-shaped hydroxyapatite (HAP) nanocrystals. Although, the crystals is prepared by a dissolution precipitation reaction. These reaction led to a hexagonal HAP nanocrystals formation under hydrothermal condition from OCP at 180 for 3 hours with pH of solution adjusted to 5.5 and incorporating dicarboxylate e.g. succinate (OOC.(CH2)2.COO)2- ions having Ca/P molar ratio is expected to be 1.56Â±0.02, where the morphology of OCP are retained. During incorporating of succinate ions in OCP crystals, the hydrogen phosphate (HPO42-) ions in the hydrated layers of OCP are being substituted by succinate ions. Since the crystal system of HAP is hexagonal and its crystalline size in the longitudinal direction of various (a,b,c) axes depending on the thickness of the laminated plate-shaped HAP crystals. Here, their size as perpendicular to the (100) plane which is calculated by introducing of Scherrers equation, D100 = KÎ»/(Î² cos ). The organically modified OCP which generated to HAP have unique nanostructure with micrometer thickness are characterized by using of SEM, FTIR and X-ray diffraction analysis.
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Last modified: 2021-11-13 19:48:51