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Eye Movement Based Electronic Wheel Chair For Physically Challenged Persons

Journal: International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research (Vol.3, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 206-212

Keywords : Index Terms Electronic wheel chair; Daugmans Algorithm for finding center of the pupil; Eye movement based wheel chair; Daugmans algorithms; Integrodifferential operator; Finding pupil location; Electronic wheel chair using Image analysis method or techni;

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Abstract A powered wheel chair is a mobility-aided device for persons with moderatesevere physical disabilities or chronic diseases as well as the elderly. In order to take care for different disabilities various kinds of interfaces have been developed for powered wheelchair control such as joystick control head control and sip-puff control. Many people with disabilities do not have the ability to control powered wheel chair using the above mentioned interfaces. The proposed model is a possible alternative. In this paper we use the optical-type eye tracking system to control powered wheel chair. Users eye movement are translated to screen position using the optical type eye tracking system. When user looks at appropriate angle then computer input system will send command to the software based on the angle of rotation of pupil i.e. when user moves his eyes balls up move forward left move left right move right in all other cases wheel chair will stop. Once the image has been processed it moves onto the second part our microprocessor. The microprocessor will take a USB output from the laptop and convert the signal into signals that will be sent to the wheelchair wheels for movement. Also the pressure and object detection sensors will be connected to our microprocessor to provide necessary feedback for proper operation of the wheelchair system. The final part of the project is the wheelchair itself. The rear wheels will provide forward. The front two wheels will be used for steering left and right. All four wheels will be connected to our microprocessor that will send signals to control the wheels and thus the overall movement.

Last modified: 2015-06-28 03:51:43