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A Digital Audio Watermarking Algorithm Resist to Low Bits Rates Compression

Journal: International Journal of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence (Vol.2, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 7-14

Keywords : Audio Watermarking; Non-negative Matrix Factorization; Lifting-based Wavelet; Normalized Hamming Distance; Signal to Noise Ratio;

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Digital watermarking is a technique used to embed an extra piece of information into multimedia signals. Digital watermarking can be realized by many different methods, but the common existing techniques for watermarking are confronted with the problems of perceptible quality degradation and the inherent conflict between imperceptibility and robustness, which is introduced by the watermark embedding. In this paper, a novel audio zero-watermarking scheme based on lifting-based wavelet transformation (LWT) and non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) for content authentication is proposed. First the audio is divided into frames by fixed length and then frequent components are obtained by three-level LWT in every frame. Secondly the audio frame is approximately represented as a product of a base matrix and a coefficient matrix by NMF. Finally the feature vector is obtained by quantifying the coefficient matrix, and then the copyright information is obtained by calculating the watermark and feature vector. The performance of proposed algorithm is analyzed by common signal processing, and experiment results show that the proposed scheme is robust and secure.

Last modified: 2013-08-15 19:25:14