Effect of a Weir-Type Obstruction with Different Geometric and Hydraulic Conditions on Flow Structure in an Open ChannelJournal: Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (Vol.33, No. 3)
Publication Date: 2014-07-01
Authors : Ali S.; Ghani U.; Latif A.;
Page : 286-293
Keywords : Reynolds Normal Stresses; Laser Doppler Anemometer; Weir; Vegetation; Velocity Profiles;
This paper presents results from an experimental study which was conducted at Technical University Delft, Netherland. The research was made on obstructions resembling weirs in an open channel. This weir-type obstruction was a representative of groyne/dike in a natural channel. The experimentation was performed in the laboratory for different values of inflow (25 l/sec and 40 l/sec), weir with and without vegetation and with different leeward slopes of the weir (1:4 and 1:7). The results were obtained for Reynolds normal stresses, longitudinal and vertical velocities. A comparison was made between the results of 1:4 and 1:7 leeward slope ratios. The data was collected with a LDA (Laser Doppler Anemometer). The vegetation was modeled with vertical circular rods placed over the crest of the weir. The blockage area due to this vegetation was 25% of the total area. The velocity data was gathered at around ten locations both at upstream and downstream the weir to get an insight into the flow structure. The results have been presented in the shape of vertical profiles both for velocities as well as Reynolds stresses at different locations of the channel.
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