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Transformasi Teks Dari Pancatantra India Ke Tantri Kamandaka Jawa Kuno: Telaah Sastra Bandingan

Journal: Atavisme (Vol.14, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 138-155

Keywords : Comparative literature; story motif; textual transformation; Tantrism; Kaladesa;

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The motifs of Old Javanese Tantri Kamandaka and Indian Pancatantra stories have so much in common. The texts of Pancatantra and Tantri Kamandaka however show types of transformation: excerpt, modification and expansion. The comparison of local color from both of them indicates differences. Pancatantra contains the lessons of Hindu and Buddha, while Tantri Kamandaka is colored more with Hindu-Siva and Tantrism. Dewi Laksmi is more respected in Pancatantra and Batari Uma (ćakti Shiwa) is more sacred in Tantri Kamandaka. Pancatantra more emphasizes on the moral value of Hindu Karmaphala (good deed results good, bad deed results bad), while Tantri Kamandaka more emphasizes on Buddha Karma (the value od deed depends on the will of the doer). Pancatantra educates Hindu Dharma that every human has right and duty depends on his caste status, and Tantri Kamandaka teaches Kaladesa that every conduct has to adapt with condition of the place and time (empan papan).

Last modified: 2016-01-24 22:53:23