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Is The Mobile Phone Technology Feasible For Effective Monitoring Of Defecation Practices In Ghana The Case Of A Peri-Urban District In Ghana

Journal: International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research (Vol.4, No. 12)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 374-381

Keywords : Mobile phone; data collection; feasibility; survey tool; sanitation; monitoring; defecation practices;

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Background The world leaders have decided to increase the sanitation coverage in areas of with poor access and monitor the progress. However data collection via existing paper-based monitoring and evaluation M 26 E survey tools has limitations including the approach used in Ghana. Therefore there is the need to test new innovative M 26 E tools for monitoring sanitation practices. Objective To compare a mobile phone short messaging service SMS M 26 E survey tool with a paper based format in a rapidly expanding peri-urban setting of Prampram Ghana. Methods Four hundred and fifty-eight adults with access to a mobile phone were purposely selected. Next they were randomly assigned to the group using SMS or the group reporting on sanitation practices through a paper-based survey method. Respondents were asked to answer 5 questions on sanitation practices once every quarter over a one-year period. Non-responders were interviewed to ascertain reasons for non-response. A subset of 227 respondents were interviewed to obtain information on acceptability ease of use and level of privacy of the two M 26 E survey tools. Results Respondents from this study found the mobile phone SMS M 26 E survey tool to be feasible although the tool was unacceptable not user friendly and offered a low level of privacy as compared to the paper tool. Conclusions The mobile phone SMS M 26 E tool cannot replace paper-based tool for sanitation M 26 E in Ghana. Further studies could examine alternative mobile phone applications for example the use of pictorial mobile phone technology for data collection among low-literacy populations.

Last modified: 2016-04-24 17:48:47