The Formation and the Current State of the Balance SsheetJournal: Collection of Scientific Works of Kirovohrad National Technical University. Economic Sciences (Vol.27, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2015-06-08
Authors : Mariia Ziukova;
Page : 225-234
Keywords : balance sheet; assets; liabilities; equity; balance sheet item;
The aim of the article is summarizing of the key phases of the balance sheet, the study of its nature, current state, and the content and structure and outline prospects. The article summarizes the main stages of development and formation of the balance sheet and the theoretical approaches to the essence of balance based on scientific works of scientists. It was made the evaluation of the content and structure of the balance sheet (statement of financial position). The content and method of filling the articles of the asset and liability balance and a critical assessment of the active form of balance were researched. The article represents the possible directions of further development and improvement. It was found that the process of improvement and convergence of national accounting and reporting systems with international standards have not been completed, which requires further research in this area. Structure of the Balance Sheet (Statement of Financial Position) has undergone some changes in the direction of optimization and reduction. Improving the content and structure of the balance sheet may be done towards improving its informational content and expanding its analytical capabilities.
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