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Enhancing the surge margin of a Centrifugal Compressor with different Blade Tip Geometry

Journal: International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science (Vol.4, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 109-115

Keywords : Blade Tip; Centrifugal Compressor; Performance and Stability.;

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The reliability operation for small fuel cells and hybrid fuel cell with gas turbine requires centrifugal compressor surge prevention. This study concerns a high speed centrifugal compressor stage with different blade tip geometries. The investigations were performed with unsteady three-dimensional, compressible flow simulations. A novel parameterization method has been developed to alter the tip geometry of an impeller blade. Different tip geometries are investigated includes flat tip blade, main blade winglet, main and splitter blade winglet and finally pressure side grooved tip. The performance and internal flow results are presented at surge, design and near choke points. The conclusion is that the tip geometry has a significant effect on the compressor performance and the operation stability at lower flow rates. The pressure ratio and surge margin for the blades with winglet have been improved, and decreased for the grooved tip geometry. More uniform flow at impeller outlet with winglet blade. The use of winglet tip displaces the tip leakage vortex away from the blade and weakening the impingement effect. The winglet tip reduces the aerodynamic losses by unloading the tip section, reducing the leakage flow rate and turning the leakage flow in a more stream wise direction.

Last modified: 2017-02-26 23:42:14