Investigation of Rheological Behavior of Modified Polychloroprene Adhesive CompositionsJournal: Revista de Pielarie Incaltaminte / Leather and Footwear Journal (Vol.14, No. 4)
Publication Date: 2014-12-15
Authors : Darina Ivanova ZHELEVA; Vassil Ivanov SAMICHKOV;
Page : 227-242
Keywords : chloroprene adhesives; resins; modification; rheology; strength;
The paper proposes a new approach to improve the technological properties of polychloroprene adhesives by changing the mixing regime. This approach has contributed not only to improving the rheological and mechanical properties of the adhesives used, but also for a detailed theoretical explanation of the rheological behavior. The purpose of this work is to study the rheological behavior of modified polychloroprene adhesive compositions in dependence of the amount of the modifying agent and the mixing regimes to achieve the optimal process parameters of bonding and prediction of their technological features. Seven types of polychloroprene-based adhesives were used and a modification with phenol formaldehyde resin was applied. Investigations were made on the influence of modifying agent amount, on rubber compounds processing regimes, on reaction conditions, on the rheological behavior of polymer fluids, on the interactions occurring between the rubber and the other components within the adhesive compositions, on the adhesion properties of the polychloroprene adhesives. Data from rheological analysis were compared with the results of microscopic observations and physico-mechanical properties. Using rheological analysis, it was found that the addition of resin to the rubber on the rolls during the mixing process favors the adhesion, leads to better wetting of the substrates and the formation of a strong glue joint. The optimal amount of the resin as an agent improving the compatibility between the oxides associates and the chloroprene rubber and the associates of the rubber itself was determined.
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