The ﬁrst building-phase of the fortiﬁcation at Horodca MicăJournal: Tyragetia (Vol.IV, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2010-02-10
Authors : Octavian Munteanu; Vasile Iarmulschi; Veronica Perju; Livia Ermurachi;
Page : 179-198
Keywords : Horodca Mică; fortification; defensive system;
During four years time (2006-2009) regular investigations were undertaken in the area covered by the defensive line at Horodca Mică. We would like to emphasize that our ﬁeld observations suggest the existence of several stages of fortiﬁcation of the same space and what is visible today in the form of a hill of impressive dimensions, preceded by an adjacent ditch, are only ruins of the ﬁnal phase of this defensive system. Since the stratigraphic picture is too complex to be present in its entire form (even preliminarily), we decided to focus on some particular aspects which can be introduced to an academic audience with sufﬁcient conﬁdence. Therefore we only focused on the ﬁrst stage of fortiﬁcation of the promontory of Horodca Mică. To prove out point we present, primarily, a number of objective observations registered on the ground. Secondly, we explain our vision about how the defensive system was built in the ﬁrst phase. Finally, we will analyze the techniques and materials used in constructions and their existing analogies, the available chronological markers, and the fate the fortiﬁcation had. In conclusion, we afﬁrm that a complex defensive system was arranged in this space. The construction was based on a wooden case extended over 4.3 meters, and was ﬁlled up with soil that was excavated from its front. This formed a ditch measuring 7.8 meters at the opening and of 2.7 meters at its maximum depth. It should be noted that the ditch was at 3.7 meters distance from the limit of construction, forming in this way the traditional berm for such defensive systems. Similar ediﬁces could be reported in the eastern Carpathian area and neighboring areas during the whole Latène period.
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