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Cognitive functioning in patients presenting with memory problems: A study from Gandhi Hospital – A Tertiary Care Teaching Government Hospital of Hyderabad

Journal: International Archives of Integrated Medicine (IAIM) (Vol.3, No. 10)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 42-47

Keywords : Dementia; Worried well; Mild cognitive impairment; Neuropsychological tests; Addenbrookes Cognitive Examination - Revised; Mini mental state examination; Clinical Dementia Rating.;

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Background: Many people come to memory clinic for memory problems, most of them for the fear of developing dementia. Majority of such subjects are normal however a sizable number show cognitive decline on Neuro-psychological tests. Aim and objectives: The aim of this study was to find out the incidence of normal cognition, mild cognitive impairment and dementia in patients attending Memory Clinic of Gandhi Hospital with forgetfulness. Materials and methods: Patients attending Neurology OPD with memory complaints were initially screened for any neurological deficit by a neurologist. Then a Psychologist assessed cognition with Neuro-psychological tests. A total of 1894 patients attending the memory clinic from January 2007 to June 2015 were included in the study. Results: Normal cognition was seen in 62% (n=1,166) and were labeled as Worried Well. Another 17% (n=328) were with borderline problems in cognition and were categorized as Mild Cognitive Impairment and the remaining 21% (n=400) were diagnosed with abnormal cognition and diagnosed as dementia. Atherosclerotic risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, coronary artery disease, smoking and alcoholism were higher in the subjects who had abnormal results on neurocognitive tests. Conclusion: Many patients seek medical help for forgetfulness and fear of developing dementia. Majority of them have normal cognition on neuropsychological tests. Patients having abnormality on cognitive evaluation also have atherosclerotic risk factors. Dementia was detected in 23% of patients attending Memory Clinic.

Last modified: 2017-03-20 14:23:04