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Effect of injection Tranexamic acid on peri-operative blood loss during Cesarean section

Journal: International Archives of Integrated Medicine (IAIM) (Vol.3, No. 10)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 280-289

Keywords : Tranexamic acid; Postpartum blood loss; Oxytocin.;

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Background: The achievement of safe child birth by caesarean delivery (CD) was one of the greatest medical advances of the 20th century. Indeed, CD is now the most frequent operation performed, consulting approximately one third of all deliveries annually. Aim: To evaluate the effect of preoperative administration of Injection tranexamic acid on blood loss during and 2 hrs after elective caesarean delivery. Materials and methods: This study was a prospective observational study for a period of 15 months; randomized controlled trial was conducted among 200 women scheduled for elective Cesarean delivery. Results: A comparative study was undertaken to study the effect of inj. TXA on blood loss during and after Cesarean delivery. The mean age in tranexamic group was 23.40±3.06 while in control group was 23.59±3.56. 64% fall in age group 21-25 years. In Gravida Distribution, majority of the patients in both the groups are of Gravida 2 (Group A 65% and Group B 64%). The mean ± SD was 2.17 ± 0.65 in study group and 2.2 ± 0.56 in control group. Comparison of blood loss between two groups, intra-operative blood loss was lower in the study group than in the control group 375±69 vs 410±79.9 and is statistically significant. The mean postpartum blood loss was also in the study group than in the control group 52±30 Vs 131±42 and was statistically significant. Conclusion: Tranexamic acid injection significantly reduces the perioperative blood elective Cesarean section, if given prior to the skin incision, without significant adverse effects.

Last modified: 2017-03-20 15:00:55