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Species diversity and distribution of ruderal flora on landfills in Maradi city, Niger

Journal: International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology (Vol.2, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 715-722

Keywords : Landfills; flora; species; diversity; distribution; Maradi.;

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Waste management continues to be a critical environmental issue in cities. It impacts on the well being of the population, the environment and the biodiversity. In the city of Maradi, in Niger, more interest is given to the problem in order to understand the whole waste management system. It is in this context that this study is carried out to investigate on the role of ruderal flora on the municipal solid wastes dumpsites and landfill sites in Maradi city. The specific objectives are to determine the floristic diversity and distribution of ruderal flora on the municipal solid waste disposal sites, and to identify potential species that can play an important role in the phytoremediation of these sites. In total, 65 species belonging to 52 genera and 24 families were recorded. These species can be categorised into two groups containing anthropic and nitrophilic species according to the ascending Hierarchical Classification (AHC) at 25% similarity. Characteristic species of the first group G1 are Amaranthus viridis and Cucurbita pepo, and Datura innoxia and Cucumis melo for the second group G2. Other ruderal species, namely Amaranthus spinosus L., Amaranthus viridis L., Celosia trygina L., Datura innoxia Mill., and an introduced woody species, Cuphea hyssopifolia Kunth., found are not included in the Maradi city list of species. Datura innoxia, Amaranthus viridis and Amaranthus spinosus are species known to tolerate different degrees of pollution and their ecology should be further study to better understand how they can be used for phytoremediation on this kind of sites.

Last modified: 2017-03-31 03:35:12