PSYCHOLOGICAL SUBSTANTIATION OF CIVIL RESPONSIBILITY OF PERSONALITYJournal: INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS IN MODERN SCIENCE (Vol.11, No. 2)
Publication Date: 2017-04-02
Authors : O.Y. Furman;
Page : 113-130
Keywords : responsibility; citizenship; personality; civic consciousness and self-consciousness;
The article analyzes the approaches to psychological understanding of concepts “responsibility” and “citizenship”, substantiates the content and structure of the civil responsibility in unity, determinism and complementarity of cognitive, emotional-motivational, behavioral-volitional, moral-spiritual components. The aforementioned structural components reflect the functional-dynamic expression of phenomenology of civil responsibility of personality. At the same time, cognitive, activates the flow of intellectual-search activity, the second describes the readiness to act in specific situations and promotes awareness of the actual public needs, the third ensures the functioning of specific practical activity, system of attitudes to perform the duties, the fourth produces self-awareness of oneself as a human who is guided, make decisions to realization and is ready to distribute public values against the background of own inner freedom not only as the subject of these values but also as a person and individuality of separate worldview models of behavior and activity. Also determined that the important features of expression of civil responsibility as an integral trait-property of personality are such as active life position, conscious attitude to perform somebody's civil duty, independence and persistence, self-analysis, self-control, self-organization, honesty, readiness to be responsible for own acts etc. High civil responsibility appears as an active, full of meaning and sense of life which is subject directs to the constant improvement himself as a citizen of the country, reveals social self-realization through erudition, social orientation and public position. Besides singled out preconditions that influence the formation of civil responsibility of personality(civil society, civil society consciousness and self-awareness). Overall proved that there is a direct dependence between the forms and organizations of civil society and the level of people's responsibility for what is happening in the country. The deeper expression of citizenship has the people, the more effective civil responsibility of each. Civil consciousness is formed in civil society, represents by itself inherent to human way of relating to objective reality and at the same time is a form of reflection of the reality with help of objectivated in the word socially produced knowledge, regulates the activity of the human and enables to predict the result of its action as a conscious goal. Civil self-consciousness of the personality is focused around the processes of awareness of itself as the carrier of civil values and attitudes to itself as to the subject of these values. The process of self-awareness mainly is carried out on a personal level of implementation civil tasks and social actions and also during interacting with others, as a result there is a conscious attitude of the person to own needs and abilities, appetences and motives of behavior, worrying and thoughts, actions and deeds. With what domestic, economic, social and political instruction mature generation appears in the eyes of young people, with the same descendants will come to their children.
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