Anti-depression Medication Taking And Risk Of Metabolic Syndrome Among US Citizens Aged 60+ Years: An Across-sectional Analysis Of The NHANES 2007-2008Journal: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Mental Health (Vol.1, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2015-12-14
Authors : Jian Liu; John MacIntyre;
Page : 25-34
Keywords : NHANES; metabolic syndrome; anti-depressant; senior.;
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether having metabolic syndrome (MS) among seniors is associated with using anti-depression medication. METHODS: A total of 1366 (617 men and 749 women) individuals aged 60+ years from the NHANES 2007/08 survey who had no reported heart disease and/or cancers but had information on prescribed medications in previous month were included in this analysis. All subjects were categorized into three prescribed drug use status, ie, none (group 1); no anti-depressants (group 2); and with anti-depressants (group 3). MS was defined with the criteria of the ATP III. RESULTS: Over 80% of individuals reported taking prescribed medications with 6% of men and 16% of women respectively having used anti-depressants. About 36% of men and 40% of women respectively were considered to have MS. Results from multiple logistic regression analyses indicated that in comparing to group 1, the odds ratios (95% CI) of MS was 2.73 (1.96, 3.82) for group2 and 2.25 (1.07, 4.69) for group 3, respectively. Both group 2 and 3 had a similar metabolic risk profile, in comparing to group 1, they had higher odds of having diabetes and high level of blood pressures. CONCLUSION: Seniors with medications are more likely to be with MS, diabetes, and high level blood pressures. However, the observed the cardio-metabolic risk association seems similar between seniors using anti-depressant drugs and using other prescribed medications.
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